Journal article

Molecular signatures of immunity and immunogenicity in infection and vaccination

  • Haks, Mariëlle C. Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands
  • Bottazzi, Barbara Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Italy
  • Cecchinato, Valentina Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • De Gregorio, Corinne Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Del Giudice, Giuseppe GSK Vaccines, Siena, Italy
  • Kaufmann, Stefan H. E. Department of Immunology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, Germany
  • Lanzavecchia, Antonio Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Lewis, David J. M. University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom
  • Maertzdorf, Jeroen Department of Immunology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, Germany
  • Mantovani, Alberto Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Italy - Humanitas University, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Pieve Emanuele-Milan, Italy
  • Sallusto, Federica Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland - Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Sironi, Marina Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Italy
  • Uguccioni, Mariagrazia Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland - Humanitas University, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Pieve Emanuele-Milan, Italy
  • Ottenhoff, Tom H. M. Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands
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    15.11.2017
Published in:
  • Frontiers in immunology. - 2017, vol. 8, p. 1563
English Vaccinology aims to understand what factors drive vaccine-induced immunity and protection. For many vaccines, however, the mechanisms underlying immunity and protection remain incompletely characterized at best, and except for neutralizing antibodies induced by viral vaccines, few correlates of protection exist. Recent omics and systems biology big data platforms have yielded valuable insights in these areas, particularly for viral vaccines, but in the case of more complex vaccines against bacterial infectious diseases, understanding is fragmented and limited. To fill this gap, the EC supported ADITEC project (http://www.aditecproject.eu/; http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/4/128/128cm4.full) featured a work package on “Molecular signatures of immunity and immunogenicity,” aimed to identify key molecular mechanisms of innate and adaptive immunity during effector and memory stages of immune responses following vaccination. Specifically, technologies were developed to assess the human immune response to vaccination and infection at the level of the transcriptomic and proteomic response, T-cell and B-cell memory formation, cellular trafficking, and key molecular pathways of innate immunity, with emphasis on underlying mechanisms of protective immunity. This work intersected with other efforts in the ADITEC project. This review summarizes the main achievements of the work package.
Language
  • English
Classification
Medicine
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https://susi.usi.ch/usi/documents/319034
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