Journal article

From ties to events in the analysis of interorganizational exchange relations

  • Bianchi, Federica ORCID Institute of Computing (CI), Facoltà di scienze informatiche, Università della Svizzera italiana, Svizzera
  • Lomi, Alessandro ORCID Social Network Analysis Research Center (SoNAR-C), Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • 2022
Published in:
  • Organizational research methods. - 2022, p. 1-42
English Relational event models expand the analytical possibilities of existing statistical models for interorganizational networks by: (i) making efficient use of information contained in the sequential ordering of observed events connecting sending and receiving units; (ii) accounting for the intensity of the relation between exchange partners, and (iii) distinguishing between short- and long-term network effects. We
introduce a recently developed relational event model (REM) for the analysis of continuously observed interorganizational exchange relations. The combination of efficient sampling algorithms and sender-based stratification makes the models that we present particularly useful for the analysis of very large samples of relational event data generated by interaction among heterogeneous actors. We demonstrate the empirical value of event-oriented network models in two different settings for interorganizational exchange relations—that is, high-frequency overnight transactions among European banks and patient-sharing relations within a community of Italian hospitals. We focus on patterns of direct and generalized reciprocity while accounting for more complex forms of dependence present in the data. Empirical results suggest that distinguishing between degree- and intensity-based network effects, and between short- and long-term effects is crucial to our understanding of the dynamics of interorganizational dependence and exchange relations. We discuss the general implications of these results for the analysis of social interaction data routinely collected in organizational research to examine the evolutionary dynamics of social networks within and between organizations.
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Language
  • English
Classification
Computer science
License
CC BY-NC
Open access status
gold
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Persistent URL
https://susi.usi.ch/usi/documents/322819
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