Journal article

Electrolyte and acid-base disorders triggered by aminoglycoside or colistin therapy : a systematic review

  • Scoglio, Martin Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Bronz, Gabriel Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Rinoldi, Pietro O. Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland - Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Institute of Southern Switzerland, Ospedale San Giovanni, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Bellinzona, Switzerland
  • Faré, Pietro B. Department of Internal Medicine, Ospedale La Carità, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Locarno, Switzerland
  • Betti, Céline Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland - Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Institute of Southern Switzerland, Ospedale San Giovanni, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Bellinzona, Switzerland
  • Bianchetti, Mario G. Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Simonetti, Giacomo D. Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland - Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Institute of Southern Switzerland, Ospedale San Giovanni, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Bellinzona, Switzerland
  • Gennaro, Viola Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Renzi, Samuele Division of Hematology and Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada
  • Lava, Sebastiano A. G. Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Milani, Gregorio P. Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Institute of Southern Switzerland, Ospedale San Giovanni, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Bellinzona, Switzerland - Pediatric Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy - Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
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    2021
Published in:
  • Antibiotics. - MDPI. - 2021, vol. 10, no. 2, p. 9
English Aminoglycoside or colistin therapy may alter the renal tubular function without decreasing the glomerular filtration rate. This association has never been extensively investigated. We conducted a systematic review of the literature following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses recommendations. Databases searched included United States National Library of Medicine, Excerpta Medica, andWeb of Science. For the final analysis, we evaluated 46 reports, published after 1960, describing 82 cases. A total of 286 electrolyte and acid-base disorders were reported. Hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and hypocalcemia were reported in more than three quarter of cases. Further disorders were, in decreasing order of frequency, metabolic alkalosis, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, hypouricemia, hypernatremia, and metabolic acidosis. Six electrolyte and acid-base disorders were reported in seven cases, five in 12 cases, four in 16 cases, three in 31 cases, two in 11 cases, and one in five cases. Laboratory features consistent with a loop of Henle/distal tubular dysfunction were noted in 56 (68%), with a proximal tubular dysfunction in three (3.7%), and with a mixed dysfunction in five (6.1%) cases. The laboratory abnormality was unclassified in the remaining 18 (22%) cases. Treatment with aminoglycosides or colistin may trigger a proximal tubular or, more frequently, a loop of Henle/distal tubular dysfunction.
Language
  • English
Classification
Therapeutic, pharmacy, pharmacology
License
License undefined
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Persistent URL
https://susi.usi.ch/usi/documents/319410
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