Conference paper (in proceedings)

Phenotype and specificity of T cells in primary human cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy : IL-7Rpos long-term memory phenotype is associated with protection from vertical transmission

  • Mele, Federico Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Fornara, Chiara Laboratori Sperimentali di Ricerca-Area Trapiantologica and Area Biotecnologie, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Jarrossay, David Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Furione, Milena Struttura Semplice Virologia Molecolare, Struttura Complessa Microbiologia e Virologia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Arossa, Alessia Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, Universita' di Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Spinillo, Arsenio Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, Universita' di Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Lanzavecchia, Antonio Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland
  • Gerna, Giuseppe Laboratori Sperimentali di Ricerca-Area Trapiantologica and Area Biotecnologie, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Sallusto, Federica Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland - Institute of Microbiology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Lilleri, Daniele Laboratori Sperimentali di Ricerca-Area Trapiantologica and Area Biotecnologie, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
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    07.11.2017
Published in:
  • Plos one. - 2017, vol. 12, no. 11, p. e0187731
English Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is the major cause of birth defects and a precise definition of the HCMV-specific T-cell response in primary infection may help define reliable correlates of immune protection during pregnancy. In this study, a high throughput method was used to define the frequency of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells specific for four HCMV proteins in the naïve compartment of seronegative subjects and the effector/memory compartments of subjects with primary/remote HCMV infection. The naïve repertoire displayed comparable frequencies of T cells that were reactive with HCMV structural (pp65, gB and the pentamer gHgLpUL128L) and non-structural (IE-1) proteins. Whereas, following natural infection, the majority of effector/memory CD4+ and CD8+ T cells recognized either gB or IE-1, respectively, and pp65. The pattern of T cell reactivity was comparable at early and late stages of infection and in pregnant women with primary HCMV infection transmitting or not transmitting the virus to the fetus. At an early stage of primary infection, about 50% of HCMV-reactive CD4+ T cells were long- term IL-7Rpos memory cells, while 6–12 months later, the frequency of these cells increased to 70%, approaching 100% in remote infections. In contrast, only 10–20% of HCMV-specific CD8+ T cells were long-term memory cells up to 12 months after infection onset, thereafter increasing to 70% in remote infections. Interestingly, a significantly higher frequency of HCMV-specific CD4+ T cells with a long-term IL-7Rpos memory phenotype was observed in non-transmitting compared to transmitting women. These findings indicate that immunodominance in HCMV infection is not predetermined in the naïve compartment, but is the result of virus-host interactions and suggest that prompt control of HCMV infection in pregnancy is associated with the rapid development of long-term IL-7Rpos memory HCMV- specific CD4+ T cells and a low risk of virus transmission to the fetus.
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  • English
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Medicine
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https://susi.usi.ch/usi/documents/319049
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